Airport Architecture Ready for Takeoff: New Design Horizons with Metal Fabric
Cambridge, MD – Modern airport architecture is both challenging and prestigious. With rapidly increasingpassenger numbers – 4.1 billion transported worldwide in 2017 alone – architects and designers of these high-profileprojects are adapting to visitors’ needs by tailoring amenities and design accordingly. In the competition for attracting air travelers, airports are transforming a dated and utilitarian model of transportation to one that is more hospitality-driven, with sophisticated design and a full range of passenger offerings.
As airports continue to up the ante in traveler amenities, consumer expectations of airport offerings will alsocontinue to rise. For airport owners and operators – which in the United States is made up almost entirely of federal, stateand local governments – economic constraint is often a key factor in design decisions. To this end, rental income from retail,restaurant and other hospitality services like salons become indispensable when it comes to financing upgrades and newconstruction.
One element of this evolving design strategy is applying new product innovation to accomplish highly technical,functional yet elegant design solutions. Of the many products that are developing in advance of airport architecture, metalfabric as a material provides a range of design solutions for many areas of these complex transportation hubs. Whetherit is an expansion and upgrade to meet consumer demand or regulatory requirements or altogether new construction,metal fabrics are becoming an established standard in global airport architecture.
Key Material Benefits:
- A limitless range of design options for façades, ceilings, walls, and parking garages which balancesaesthetic value with functionality and return on
- With weavable dimensions of 26 feet (8 meters) in width and more than 328 feet (100 meters) in length, metalfabrics are ideal for the design of these large, sophisticated
- Besides a wide range of fabric weaves, design visions can also be realized through colored surfaces and
- Stainless steel fabric makes a valuable contribution to gaining sustainability certificates, as it supportsoptimization of building energy consumption, long service life, and material-specific
- Transparent media façade systems, such as MEDIAMESH® and ILLUMESH from GKD, combine thebenefits of a high-performance LED display for advertising and entertainment with technical properties oftransparency and
In the mid-90s, a parking garage façade made of GKD metal fabric at Terminal II of Cologne Bonn Airport represented anarchitectural turning point for the design of transportation architecture. Used as parking garage cladding, GKD metalmesh allows proper ventilation, protection from the elements, and natural daylight illumination, while lending theselarge façades a particularly expressive and tactile materiality.
For example, some 27,000 square feet of LAGO fabric encapsulates the parking garage at Van Nuys Airport in Los Angeles. Large letters attached to the metal fabric form the word Flyaway, underlining the airport’s brand identity.Parking garages at London Heathrow, as well as the airports in Barcelona, Brisbane and Madrid are also clad in GKDmetal fabric.
This multifunctional material is also widely used on terminal exteriors. Airports such as Paris- Charles de Gaulle andLondon Stansted gain their singular look from metal fabric which also meets demands in energy efficiency, user comfort, and security. Spain’s major airport, Madrid Barajas, enveloped two control towers with more than 17,000 square feet ofESCALE 7×1 stainless steel fabric. At Adelaide Airport in Australia, some 22,000 square feet of TIGRIS stainless steelfabric were used for the extended and slanted façade of a corridor connecting the terminal with the parking garage.
Recently, Newark Liberty International Airport applied 25,400 square feet of OMEGA 1510 stainless steelmesh as perimeter fencing for its transformer station. An etching process was used to apply a generous wave patternto the fabric. Despite its graceful design, stainless steel mesh is highly resilient, withstanding adverse weatherconditions and vandalism.
Elegant Ceiling Design
In airport interiors, stainless steel fabric is a highly successfulspecification due to its multifunctionality and versatility. Used as asuspended ceiling, metal fabric hides unsightly HVAC systems while maintaining access. The non-combustible material also meets the strict safety requirements of public buildings. Examples of this applicationinclude:
- At the Hong Kong International Airport Midfield Concourse, architects designed 24 three- dimensional, curved elements made of ESCALE 5×1 fabric to trace massive ceiling
- In the new passenger terminal at Muscat International Airportin Oman, curved panels attached to steel construction formsemi-
transparent canopies over moving walkways. These freely suspended ceiling elements, each measuring140 feet in length, harmonize with the metal fabric elements applied to three nearby raster ceilings, as well asa projecting counter canopy.
- At the Hilton Frankfurt Airport Hotel, MANDARIN bronze metal fabric shapes a sweeping ceiling construction inthe reception
Resilient Wall Cladding
Used as wall or column cladding, metal fabric opens new design opportunities in the field of airport construction. Its robust texture isresistant to the wear and tear of highly trafficked areas, while alsoproducing refined spatial effects when used with back lighting and lightreflections.
For example, at Muscat International Airport, wall cladding madeof LAMELLE fabric and measuring 80 feet high visually enhances theretail area. Nearby, a 90-foot-high and 160-foot-wide ILLUMESH screenacts as a partition wall between two building segments. At DubaiInternational Airport, GKD metal fabric was used as cladding for columnsthat span multiple floors.
Multifunctional Space Dividers
Due to metal fabrics’ alternating transparency or opacity based on the respective viewing angle and type of lighting,metal fabrics offer a fascinating appearance for visitors in terminals and lounges when used as space dividers.Transparent media facades, when installed in front of windows or corridors, achieve communication needs yet allowlight transfer and maintain views to the outside.
- At New Doha International Airport in Qatar, four MEDIAMESH®screens in the main terminal create an attention-grabbing advertising platform for global luxury goods while its transparency guarantees unobstructed views from the rooms behind
- At Muscat International Airport, a mixed media screen, which combines the transparent MEDIAMESH® and ILLUMESH media façade systems, marks a transition to the retail
- Two MEDIAMESH® screens installed at Minneapolis- PaulInternational Airport, each measuring 270 feet, demonstrate effectiveness as passenger information hubs.
About GKD Metal Fabrics
As the leading provider of woven metal fabric for architectural solutions, GKD Metal Fabrics offers architects the ability to create dynamic, modern environments that address numerous building challenges. Drawing on more than 90 years ofGerman engineering excellence and precise American manufacturing, GKD revolutionized the category of metal fabricapplications. With thousands of interior and exterior installations constructed worldwide, architects and specifiersrecognize GKD as the metal fabric authority. With its headquarters in Germany and five other facilities in the US, SouthAfrica, China, India and Chile – as well as its branches in France, Spain, Dubai and worldwide representatives, GKD is close to markets anywhere in the world.
For more information, visit www.gkdmetalfabrics.com or call 800.453.8616.